Warm, elegant, resistant … the advantages of having parquet flooring are many. In addition, in the last years it has improved its design and manufacture, allowing an easy and fast installation. Today present the main typologies and we analyse their characteristics.
Parquet flooring: walking on wood
The first time that parquet flooring was installed was in the Palace of Versailles (France), in 1684. At that time, the objective was to replace the traditional marble floor, cold, expensive and difficult to maintain. If you know the magnitude of the palace, you will understand that a classic style floor would have meant the bankruptcy of the French Crown. Thus, a much more economical, abundant and relatively easy to maintain material was chosen: the wood parquet. It would be the first of the History and its originality liked so much that soon it would extend to other palaces of Europe. The composition of tables and slats allowed creating mosaics and very elaborate drawings. In addition, in an age where men and women wore heeled boots, the sound of each step was solemn, highlighting the sacred atmosphere of these halls.
Since its origin, the parquet has been made with solid woods, following various fixing techniques. Each country would even develop its own techniques, adjusting itself to the fluctuations of the time and the humidity of each region.
Even so, installing parquet at home or in the business was something that was not available to everyone. Each stage was made by size, by hand and with a slow installation. In addition, it had to be polished and polished periodically, which meant a high maintenance cost. For this reason, the parquet has been for generations an option only for rich people.
In the last century, with the appearance of new automated machines and the diffusion of materials such as DM, everything changed. The parquet flooring became something that can be produced in series. Today we can find natural, synthetic, mixed, laminate, … with very attractive prices.
They are an alternative to the popular cement or ceramic floor, in some cases much more economical. Thanks to this, the parquet is present in many public and private spaces, from rooms to large commercial areas.
Types of parquet flooring
If you want parquet flooring in your home or business, there is a huge variety of types and classifications. As in everything, there are many nuances that we must know before we decide. We analyse the main typologies and their characteristics:
– Classic parquet flooring
As we have seen, it is the oldest … and also the most expensive. These are boards of pure wood, usually noble, with a mortise and tenon and a profile. These are placed on a cladding or structure of wood and not directly on the floor. This is where we find the main complication. The classic mortise and tenon system (male and female) may look easy to assemble, but it is not.
In addition, we must consider other factors such as ventilation under the boards, thermal contrast between stations, the material with which the base floor has been made, degree of expansion of the boards, … For all this, the placement of solid parquet flooring should be handled by an experienced professional. To give you an idea, the price per square meter of this type of parquet starts at 90 €, including material and assembly.
– Click system wood flooring
It is very similar to the previous one, but the strips are not used to hold it to the ground. The boards, 100% solid, rest on an insulation canvas that separates them from the floor. This type of parquet is known as “floating”.
This system reduces the installation cost considerably. In fact, the click design is designed to be installed by anyone. This jigsaw-type system allows you to quickly fit the boards, holding each other without needles or adhesives. This creates a large surface not subject to the floor, able to adapt without problems to the dilations and contractions of the wood.
The only drawback of this system is that the price per square meter is more expensive than the previous one. Not all click systems work well or they fit the table surface to the same height. It is important to try two pieces first and see how it works. You can find thicknesses from 8mm to 25mm.
– Mixed solid parquet with click system
It is a sandwich system that combines the advantages of solid and synthetic wood. If you look at the profile of these, it is composed in 3 parts. The upper and lower sheets are made of solid wood and the DM intermediate, poplar wood or similar. This core allows moisture and torsion to be absorbed without altering the other two layers. In addition, they are placed and glued together to ensure maximum elasticity without being perceived outside. They work wonderfully and with the naked eye are the same as any classic platform.
This type of parquet flooring is also usually floating and comes with a click system. For this reason, it is one of the most recommended options and its price per square meter usually around 50 € without mounting. Usually served in thicknesses of 15mm.
– Click system synthetic flooring
It is the most common option and the most economical. It is parquet composed of synthetic materials, mainly DM, a resin base and a surface of very fine printed plastic. This plastic is similar to that used in melanin, but more resistant and rough, suitable even for the most aggressive or scratched shoes of dogs and cats.
The advantages of a synthetic parquet flooring are several: low price, wide assortment of colours, resistant to shocks and scratches, greater tolerance to humidity and thermal contrast, indifferent to woodworm, easy assembly (most are floating), stable colours … Therefore, it is one of the most popular options. As an artificial material, their manufacture has a strong impact on the environment, cannot be polished or repaired, is not biodegradable and wear and tear begins to be evident from two to three years. In addition, the corners are very delicate and easily deformed if the assembly is given a blow.